India is well-known for its Indus Valley Civilisation and all the great epics. This is also one of the countries having the most number of temples and pagodas in the world. Especially, Kanchipuram city owns the most ancient, sacred and well-known temples in India. Approximately 1.000 temples are adoring various gods from different religious, mainly Hinduism. All Know-how is going to show you the list of 9 must-see temples in Kanchipuram, India.
Kanchipuram is the city of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu state, India. It’s the most ancient city in the South of India. People call it the “city of temples” since there’re about 1.000 temples built around the city. These sacred temples worship well-known gods such as Vishnu, Shiva,… The city of temples attracts tourists from all over the world every year.
Ekambereswarar temple is one of the five temples that worship Shiva – a god of Hinduism. The temple is 10ha in areal, and it’s the largest temple of worship in the city. Ekambareswara temple was built in the VI century under the rule of Pallava – an empire in Southern India. Then it went through many changes during the reign of Tanjore Nayaks. In this period, they constructed Gopuram – a 59m tall tower. This is also one of the tallest towers in the area. Besides worshiping, Ekambareswarar temple is also the place to hold the mót crucial religious festival in Kanchipuram. In detail, it’s the Panguni Brahmotsavam festival, which begins from March to April annually and lasts for 10 days.
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KANCHI KAILASANATHAR TEMPLE
If Ekambareswara temple is the biggest temple in town, Kailasanathar temple is the oldest. This temple is only for worshiping god Shiva. This is also one of the first construction of Pallava architecture. In the sanctum of the temple, there is a unique icon of God Shiva – Shivalinga with 16 faces made of black granite. There’re countless piers and pillars in secondary temples decorated with sculptures of gods. Tourists will have the chance to visit the sacred temple and admire the unique architecture of Pallava.
KANCHI KAMAKSHI AMMAN TEMPLE
Kamakshi temple is an ancient Hinduism temple made for Kamakshi – the final form of Lalitha Maha Tripurasundari goddess. It is said that the Pallava kings built the temple. The stories about the temple are fascinating with many legends and myths tied to the Kamakshi goddess. Every year, during February and March, the place holds a carriage festival along with many ancient activities and customs which attracts people from all over the country and the world.
VARADARAJAN PERUMAL TEMPLE
Varadharaja Perumal temple worship god Vishnu. This beloved temple in Kanchipuram is the place for Vaishnavism believers. Perumal temple is one of the 108 temples mentioned in the work of Alvars – Divya Desams. This temple stands out with 300 inscriptions related to almost all reigns in Southern India. Moreover, the “100 pillars room” decorated with sculptures describing Hinduism gods is a distinctive feature of the temple.
ULAGALANTHA PERUMAL TEMPLE
Thí decent temple takes up the name of Vamana – the fifth avatar of god Vishnu. Much like Varadharaja Perumal, the temple is one of 108 temples in Divya Desams. Ulagalantha Perumal temple has the traditional Dravidian style of architecture and is mentioned in the famous literary works of Tamil. Many festivals are held here yearly which attracts the attention of many tourists. One of them is the Brahmotsavam festival.
Trilokiyanatha temple is the place for the Jainism believers in Kanchipuram, built during the reign of Pallava. The temple is one of the few possesses the architecture style of Dravidian. It is famous for the murals and delicate epigraphs describing the life of god Krishna as well as other vital gods like Jaina.
CHITRAGUPTA SWAMY TEMPLE
This temple is used only to worship Chitragupta – an assistant god of god Yama. It is one of the few temples in Kanchipuram constructed in the Chola era. Although the temple is quite small, it keeps on attracting many tourists every year. Chitragupta Swamy temple has a 3-levels Raja Gopuram (gate tower) and only one main area around the sanctuary.
The temple was built in the VII century. It is the smallest temple among the main ones in Kanchipuram, only 2.290 meters square. Despite the area, the temple holds its essential role in history and religion as well. It is personally made for Sathyanatheswarar – another avatar of god Shiva. The main gopuram of the temple was made with 3 levels. Inside the temple, there is Linga (the representation of god Shiva) made of granite. Sathyanatheswarar temple is also one of the most critical 275 temples that worship God Shiva mentioned in Tamil Shaivite.
Ashtabujakaram temple is the holy ground to worship god Vishnu. It was built according to the Dravidian architecture style and affected by Pallavas, Cholas and Vijayanagara empires. The unique feature of the temple is the temple’s lake lies within the walls tied to the legends about Gajendra Moksha. The most popular event held here is the 10-days anniversary of Vaikunta Ekadasi. This event starts in December and is considered to be the most important festival of Vaishnavism believers.